Stage 3 Development

Now is the time that a child becomes very accurate at what he/she is doing with the skills he/she has already learned.

  1. Listening

    During Stage 3 development it appears that no sound in the child's environment goes unnoticed by the child.

    • The young child entering into Stage 3 will look straight down to locate the sound source that is below his ear level. This is most noticeable when the child is seated.
    • A lot of visual searching for sounds is apparent at this stage. He/she will look for sounds, both loud and soft sounds. In fact, children seem to enjoy listening to soft sounds, even ones that can barely be heard.
    • When sounds occur above the child's head, he/she will use searching motions with his/her head to locate the source of the sound, especially when it is someone’s voice.
    • Toward the end of stage 3, he/she will have become very accurate with visually locating the source of sounds in his/her environment, that he/she will be able to look directly in the direction of sounds below his/her ear level, directly at his/her ear level and above his/her ear level without needing to do any visual searching.
    • This is also a time when children appear to enjoy listening to songs and rhymes and will attend to them for several minutes at a time. It is not uncommon to see a child at the end of Stage 3 attempting to move to the music
  2. Responding to Voice

    Stage 3 development is the time when a child shows more intense attention to people's voices, especially when the differing voices are accompanied with distinctive facial expressions.

    • The Stage 3 child is able to identify at least 2 body parts when asked. The body parts he/she learns first are those he/she has repeatedly heard being said. For example, "Show me your hand."
    • By now, the child that has been exposed to age related books will be able to identify at least 2 pictures from a familiar book by touching or patting the picture when asked. For Example, "Where's the kitty?"
    • Toward the end of Stage 3, the young learner can respond appropriately to at least 2 simple commands that require some kind of action. For example, "Give it to Mommy", or "Put the ball down".
    • He/she is now about to identify at least 2 familiar objects from a small group of objects.
    • At the end of Stage 3 development, he/she will be able to identify several body parts on him/her self or on a doll.
  3. Vocalizing

    During Stage 3 development, a child becomes very vocal by combining the speech sounds he/she has been practicing with speech-like intonations and inflections.  By the end of Stage 3, these vocalizations sound like the child is saying actual sentences because of the rehearsed intonation and inflectional patterns he/she is using.  This is also the time when a child tries to imitate words others use.  His/her early words usually are close approximations such as, “ba” for ball and “cooie” for cookie.

    • The Stage 3 child vocalizes in many different situations, such as vocalizing while playing by him/her self, vocalizing to his/her mirror image, using vocalizing instead of crying to get needs and wishes known, vocalizing to music.
    • Using actual words is beginning to develop for the Stage 3 child. He/she now consistently uses more words other than Mama and Dada.
    • This stage of development is a fun stage as the child learns to imitate sounds he/she hears in his/her environment such as "woof-woof" for a dog or throaty type noises for cars and trucks.
    • By the end of Stage 3 development, a child’s vocabulary contains many isolated words that go beyond just naming someone or a thing, he/she is now learning to use social language such as "hi" and "bye", "no", as well as the names of family members and pets.
    • By now the developing child is also becoming aware of two-word combinations that others use when he/she attempts to repeat them. These two-word combinations generally come out sounding like one word such as "a-ga" for all gone, or "tada" for thank you.