Stage 5 Development

This is the stage in a child’s development where he/she may become frustrated with his/her inability to express him/her self and may even throw temper tantrums when not able to make his/her wants, wishes, or needs known.

  1. Listening

    Sitting and listening for longer periods of time is now what the Stage 5 child is capable of doing.

    • Following 3-step commands is now easy for the child as long as the steps are related to each other such as, "get the book, sit down, and open it."
    • The Stage 5 child can now sit in a group with other kids and attend to a simple story that has illustrations. He/she can pay attention to a story for up to 10 minutes when he/she is able to see the pictures as the story is being read.
  2. Responding to Voice

    This is a great stage of development because when a child is asked to do something, he usually does it right away. He/she may enjoy doing the task so well that he/she continues to do it over and over until he/she tires him/her self out, which can happen when the child is asked to do an activity he/she enjoys.

    • He/she can not only identify objects in pictures when asked to do so but can also identify actions he/she is familiar with such as eating, sitting, crying, etc.
    • He/she can demonstrate that he/she understands words that modify actions such as, "Touch it softly", or "Be gentle", or "Push it hard."
    • The Stage 5 child now can demonstrate an understanding of beginning number concept words such as "all", "more", "the rest", etc. For example, "Give me all of the chips."
    • He/she can identify several less common body parts such as elbow, chin, ankle, cheek, etc.
    • Not only can the child identify more than 20 different pictures but he/she can now demonstrate an understanding of pictures when their function is requested such as "Show me what you eat with?" or "Which one of these do you color with?"
    • For the Stage 5 child, number concepts continue to develop. He/she can hold up the correct number of fingers to tell his/her age, demonstrate an understanding of the number one by responding correctly when asked to given one item, such as "Give me one raisin."
  3. Vocalizing

    Stage 5 is the stage when questions are starting to appear in the child’s daily activities. Usually these questions are generated by using a single word with a questioning intonation to it.

    • The Stage 5 child is able to articulate many sounds correctly in his/her speech when the sounds are in the beginning of words and also at the end of words.
    • His/her vocabulary now consists of somewhere between 50 and 300 words which include action words, names of pictures, telling his/her first name, telling the function of familiar items, naming at least one color, etc.
    • The child is now able to correctly tell the function of many familiar objects such as, "What do you do with a ball?"
    • He/she now expands 2-word combinations into short phrases such as "See Daddy car." Or "Hear baby cry." Other new phrases can include negative words such as “No go bed,” or “no want more.” Also, new phrases can include pronouns such as my, mine, me, as well as words that describe something such as "pretty," "nice," "big," etc. The new expanded phrases may also frequently include quantitative words such as "more."
    • The Stage 5 child will now ask questions in phrases and not single words by using intonation changes such as, "We go now?"
    • He/she can now demonstrate an understanding of shapes by calling them by a name that is familiar, such as calling a circle a pancake or a square a box.
    • Other vocabulary that he/she now uses includes the auxiliary verb "is," irregular past tense verbs such as "saw," "went," "gone," etc. as well as adding "ed" to words to form past tense.
    • He/she now forms plural nouns by adding "s" to the noun.